Activation I2C et installation of Real Time Clock

In order to ensure you ha€™ve got the latest updates you should run the following commands :

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install i2c-tools

I2C activation on Raspberry Pi

sudo raspi-config

Choose 8-Advanced OptionsA7 I2C answer Yes and press enter → OkYesOk

Now we need to modify a system file using :

sudo nano /etc/modules

If it isn't already there add rtc-ds1307€ to the bottom so it looks something like :

| modules

You can save and quit using CTRL-X, Y and ENTER.

restart the system

sudo reboot

Test of I2C interface

Power up the Pi and run the following command :

sudo i2cdetect -y 1

<WRAP center round important 60%> If you are using a Rev 1 you will need to use œsudo i2cdetect -y 0€.</WRAP>


You can read the Pi system time using :


If you need to set the system time for any reason you can use the following command :

sudo date -s "29 AUG 2015 13:00:00"

Once correct you can write the system date and time to the RTC module using :

sudo hwclock -w

Should be able to read the date and time back from the RTC using :

sudo hwclock -r

Setup auto update of system date and time :

Update with reboot

Synchronize DS1307 ou DS3231 ;you need add 2 lines in system file:

sudo nano /etc/rc.local

Add the following two lines before the exit 0 line : use the line that corresponds to your version

(Raspberry Pi V1)

echo ds1307 0x68 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-0/new_device 
hwclock -s

(Raspberry Pi V2)

echo ds1307 0x68 > /sys/class/i2c-adapter/i2c-1/new_device
hwclock -s 

like this:

reboot system

sudo reboot
Auto update daily

For autoupdated daily you need addd line in CRON files CRON

sudo crontab -e

Clock updated every day at 11h30pm, add folowed lines:

30 23 * * * hwclock -s

You can save and quit using CTRL-X, Y and ENTER. <WRAP center round tip 60%> Force clock update using ntp

sudo service ntp stop
sudo ntpd -gq
sudo service ntp start


  • en/horloge_externe_ds3231.txt
  • Last modified: 2020/07/05 17:13
  • (external edit)